генеалогическая линия

Kappa-casein and diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase gene polymorphism in black-and-white cattle

Polymorphism has been studied and occurrence frequency of genotypes and alleles by genes of kappa-casein and diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase in first-calf heifers and highly productive black-and-white cows of different genealogical lines has been determined. The highest frequency of CSN3 AB genotype (34.7% and 38.9%) and CSN3 BB genotype (10.2 and 5.6%) has been registered in the first-calf heifers of M. Chiftein and R. Sowering line at the B allele frequency of CSN3 gene – 0.28 and 0.25.

Selection aspects of increasing the terms of productive use of cows of Ayrshire breed

The article presents the research materials concerning the terms of productive economic use of Ayrshire cows bred in the Vologda region. The differences of animals of different genealogical lines of Ayrshire cattle on the number of lactation, milking days and milk life productivity were revealed. The influence on the specified indicators of various options of breeding animals’ selection is established. Recommendations on improvement of selection and breeding work with Ayrshire cattle breed are given

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